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جرم گيري دندان بهترين راه جلوگيري از خرابي دندان

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از تجمع ميکروبهاي دهان بر روي زمينه و لايه چسبنده‌اي از بزاق تشکيل مي‌شود که پلاک ميکروبي نام دارد و حاوي مقاديري از خرده‌هاي غذايي نيز مي‌باشد. اين لايه ، با کشيدن ناخن بر دندان به زير ناخن جمع شده و به راحتي با مسواک زدن پاک مي‌شود ولي با شستشوي فقط با آب و يا دهانشويه‌هاي معمولي پاک نمي‌گردند. لذا بايستي براي پاک کردن آن از وسايلي چون مسواک و خمير دندان و نخ دندان استفاده کرد. اگر پلاک ميکروبي هر روز و يا در مراحل اوليه از سطح دندان تميز نشود، املاح موجود در بزاق و مواد غذايي بر آن رسوب نموده و منجر به ايجاد جرم دندان که سخت مي‌باشد، مي‌گردد. جرم با مسواک زدن پاک نشده و با عمل جرم گيري توسط دندانپزشک برداشته مي‌شود

آيا جرم گيري به دندان صدمه مي‌زند؟  

خير، جرم دندان علاوه بر اينکه براي لثه و بافتهاي نگهدارنده دندان مضر مي‌باشد محلي نيز براي تجمع و تکثير ميکروبهاي پوسيدگي‌زا است. با عمل جرم گيري تعداد اين ميکروبها در دهان به مراتب کمتر مي‌شود. با برداشته شدن جرم، بيمار ممکن است با زبانش حس کند که دندانش خالي شده است. اين احساس همراه با مقداري حساسيت به سرما يا گرما (بعد از جرم گيري) اين تصور غلط را تقويت نموده است که شايد دندانهايش در حين جرم گيري تراش خورده باشند، در صورتي که مکانيزم دستگاه جرم گیری لرزشی بوده و قادر به تراش نمی‌باشد 

علت حساسیت دندان به سرما بعد از جرم گیری چیست؟  

دندان دارای حس بوده و در ناحیه طوق بسیار حساستر می‌باشد. وجود جرم بر طوق دندان به علت ضخامتی که دارد به عنوان یک عایق حرارتی عمل می‌کند و یا به عبارت دیگر جلوی حس دندان را می‌گیرد. با برداشته شدن آن بدیهی است که دندان بهتر متوجه تغییرات حرارتی می‌گردد، ضمناً بر اثر وجود جرم لثه پرخون و متورم شده و با عمل جرم گیری التهاب آن فروکش می‌کند لذا مقدار بیشتری از دندان نسبت به حالتی که قبلاً آماس لثه وجود داشته در دهان دیده می‌شود و این خود باعث احساس بیشتر تغییرات حرارتی می‌گردد. حساس شدن به سرما را می‌توان به احساسی که بدن انسان بعد از استحمام دارد، تشبیه نمود. حساسیت به سرما همیشه و غالباً بوجود نیامده و در صورت ایجاد، گذرا و موقتی بوده و جای هیچگونه نگرانی ندارد 

آیا دندان بعد از جرم گیری لق می‌شود؟  

خیر، با تجمع تدریجی جرم بر دندان، لثه و به دنبال آن مقداری از استخوان نگهدارنده دندان تحلیل می‌رود. در حقیقت دندان به این دلیل قبلاً لق شده ولی به علت انباشتگی و یکپارچگی جرم و چسبیده شدن دندانها به هم توسط آن، این حالت درک نشده و یا برداشته شدن جرم کشف می‌گردد و بیمار آن را منتسب به عمل جرم گیری می‌داند. یک ضرب المثل می‌گوید « جلوی ضرر را از هرکجا بگیری، منفعت است». لق شدن دندان منوط به تحلیل استخوان و انساج نگهدارنده دندان در اثر جرم و پلاک میکروبی است و در همه موارد بخصوص در مراحل اولیه بیماریهای لثه و بافتهای اطراف دندان دیده نمی‌شود 

آیا جرم گیری درد دارد؟  

خیر، موردی برای بی‌حس کردن دندان به هنگام جرم گیری وجود ندارد. جرم گیری یا توسط قلمهای دستی و یا با دستگاه صورت می‌گیرد. نوک قلم دستگاه جرم گیری دارای لرزش و نوساناتی می‌باشد که با زدن ضربه‌های بسیار کوتاه بر جرم، آن را پاک می‌کند و دندان را نمی‌تراشد، آب دستگاه علاوه بر تمیز کردن و شستشو، دندان را نیز خنک می‌کند 

جرم گیری را هر چند وقت باید انجام داد؟  

بسیاری از اشخاص با یکبار جرم گیری و رعایت همیشگی بهداشت دهان و دندان ممکن است تا مدتها نیازی به جرم گیری مجدد نداشته باشند. بدیهی است که هرگونه کوتاهی در رعایت اصول بهداشت دهان منجر به تجمع دوباره جرم خواهد شد. ضمناً بعضی از بیماران به علت دارا بودن بزاقی با ویژگیهای خاص از نظر میزان ترشح و ترکیب، بسیار مستعد به تشکیل جرم هستند، ضمناً استعداد به بیماریهای لثه در خانواده‌هایی بیشتر می‌باشد. در این گروه از بیماران توصیه می‌گردد جرم گیری در تناوب زمانی کوتاهتری انجام شود  

آیا استفاده از خمیر دندانهای ضد جرم مفید می‌باشد؟  

خیر، اگر جرم با مسواک و خمیر دندان پاک نشد برای پاک کردن آن بایستی از دندانپزشکان کمک گرفت، ضمناً خمیر دندانهایی که به عنوان ضد جرم معرفی شده‌اند دارای مقادیر زیادی از مواد ساینده بوده و فقط رنگ و لکه‌های رسوب نموده بر دندان را که Stain (زنگ) نام دارد، تمیز می‌کنند و استفاده همیشگی از آنها توصیه نمی‌گردد. این خمیر دندانها، به علت دارا بودن مواد ساینده زیاد، ایجاد خراشهای بسیار ظریف بر سطح دندانها نموده و زمینه را برای تجمع و چسبندگی بیشتر پلاک میکروبی فراهم می‌آورند.